How to Buy Insurance Like a Pro

Whether you love it or hate it, getting and maintaining the right insurance coverage is one of the most crucial financial decisions you can make to build and preserve your financial independence.

Now, up until recently, the only way to get the coverage you needed was to work directly with an insurance salesperson.

Even so, with various options and so many policy decisions coming down to just a few mouse clicks, you now have more power than ever at your figure tips to protect your wealth.

To be sure, just like managing taxes and spending decisions, having the right insurance protections in place is akin to keeping more of what you make.

You see, that’s because when the unexpected strikes, the right insurance policy can step in and transfer a potential financial loss from your pocketbook to that of an insurance company.

For example, if you suddenly become ill, and an emergency room visit turns into a month’s long stay at the hospital, the right kind of insurance can potentially save you thousands of dollars in medical bills.

To be sure, at the end of the day, insurance, for all its negative connotations as an expense that rarely pays out, can actually one of the most valuable financial decisions you ever make.

Now, not all insurance companies are created equal. That’s why understanding the basics of ideal providers and policies can help you buy insurance like a pro as you go out and purchase this essential coverage for yourself and your family.

Reputation and Financial Stability

Now, make no mistake, navigating the world of buying insurance can be daunting, yet it’s a journey most of us need to undertake regardless of whether we’re talking about Property and Casualty, Health, Life, or Disability insurance coverage. So then, what’s the first step you need to take when evaluating your current or new potential insurance provider?

Well, a common mistake many individuals make is buying insurance based solely on the premium they anticipate paying. Indeed, many individual’s first question is “how much is this going to cost me” or “is this my cheapest option?” But when it comes to buying insurance, the real question should be, “how will this insurance carrier provide for me over the long term?”

Why It’s Important

You see, too often individuals focus on the policy, without first understanding who’s underwriting that policy to begin with. To understand this perspective, you can imagine insurance as a safety net strung under you as a tightrope walker.

Now, the purpose of this safety net is to catch you if you slip, helping you bounce back in the event of an accident. However, it’s absolutely crucial that the net is sturdy, reliable, and well-maintained. So then, from this perspective, the safety net is the insurance policy, and the insurance company is the keeper of your safety net. And while you may have purchased the best safety net available, the handler’s ability to manage that net can make or break your financial situation when the unexpected arises.

So, how can you tell if you’re in good hands? Well, this is where reputation comes in. Indeed, reputation tells you how well an insurance provider has maintained safety nets for others in the past.

More specifically, reputation reflects the company’s past actions, speaking volumes about its credibility and track record of delivering on promises. And it sheds light on essential facets like their claim settlement ratio, their responsiveness to customer needs, and their willingness to step up when the need arises.

After all, it would be a cold comfort to have an insurance policy in place knowing your provider hesitates to act or complicates the claim settlement process during a critical time of need. So then, as you consider your insurance purchasing decisions, start with reputation first.

Now, let’s discuss the next element to evaluate in your purchasing decision and that’s financial stability. Here again let’s say that you are commissioning a piece of artwork that’s to be completed and delivered in a year. Naturally, you would consider the artist’s reputation, their craftsmanship and commitment, right?

But wouldn’t you also consider their financial stability?

After all, if they go out of business in six months, the commission won’t serve its purpose. In a similar way, an insurance company’s financial stability ensures they can fulfill their long-term commitments to you.

Now, a financially stable insurance company is one that can weather economic storms and come out unscathed. They can handle a sudden influx of claims in the wake of a natural disaster or a pandemic and continue their operations without a hitch.

What’s more, they have sufficient reserves to fulfill their obligations, and they manage their investments wisely. So then, over the long run, their stability translates into consistent protection for you.

How to Determine Reputation and Stability

Now, how do you judge the reputation and stability of an insurance company? Well, you can start with a simple comparison. Imagine planning a trip to a distant, unfamiliar location. Just as you would rely on the reviews and experiences of past travelers, you should consider the reputation of the insurance company from those who’ve dealt with them before.

You can start by browsing through online customer reviews and ratings, testimonials, and complaint forums. These can provide invaluable insights into the real-world experiences of policyholders. As you’re doing this work, look for patterns in the feedback to see if there are common issues raised by multiple customers, such as difficulties in claims processing or poor customer service.

At the same time, you can also check the company’s ratings on the Better Business Bureau (BBB), which provides information about customer complaints and how they were resolved.

Remember, the goal isn’t necessarily to find a company with zero negative reviews because that’s nearly impossible. Instead, what you’re looking for in an insurance provider is one that has consistently demonstrated good faith and efficiency in addressing customer concerns and fulfilling their claims.

Alright, and so now that we’ve discussed reputation, what about financial stability? Well, to gauge stability, one of the most straightforward approaches is to rely on the expert assessments made by insurance rating agencies such as A.M. Best, Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s, and Fitch. These agencies provide ratings based on their in-depth analysis of the insurer’s financial strength and ability to meet ongoing insurance policy and contract obligations.

Intuitively, a high rating from these agencies suggests that the insurance company is financially capable of fulfilling its commitments to its policyholders. And a low rating might mean that you should tread cautiously as you consider purchasing a policy from a given provider.

Another approach you may want to consider when evaluating financial strength is diving into a company’s annual financial reports. While these might seem a bit daunting at first, these reports can offer you key insights into the company’s financial health.

Coverage, Benefits, Limits and Exclusion

Alright, once you’ve narrowed down your choice of insurance providers based on reputation and financial stability, you’ll likely face the daunting task of dealing with the many terms and conditions, fine prints, and legal jargon when it comes to purchasing your property and casualty, health, life or disability coverage.

Now, while sifting through these details may seem daunting, understanding an insurance policy’s coverages, benefits, limits, and exclusions forms the cornerstone of your insurance purchase decision and can, at times, make the difference between having the right protection in place when you need it most.

For example, consider a scenario where you’re shopping for a new car. You wouldn’t make your purchase based on the color alone, right? You’d also want to understand the car’s features, like its mileage, safety ratings, and any potential issues it may have. In much the same way, when shopping for insurance, you need to consider more than just the premium costs.

So how do you go about considering these features?

Well, to start, consider the coverage and benefits offered by an insurance policy you’re considering purchasing. That’s because these items outline what the policy will pay for and under what circumstances.

For example, in the case of health insurance, it could include coverage for hospitalization, outpatient procedures, prescription medicines, and preventive care. At the same time, in the case of property insurance, it could cover damage or loss due to certain perils like fire, theft, or natural disasters. Either way, understanding these elements helps ensure that the policy suits your needs and that you’re not left with any unexpected gaps in coverage when the unexpected strikes.

Another thing you’ll want to consider when purchasing insurance is limits and exclusions. And, so, what specifically are we talking about here? Well, imagine for a moment that you’ve just bought a fantastic umbrella to protect yourself from the rain. Now, what if this amazing umbrella only keeps the top of your head dry, but allows the rest of your body to get soaked?

Here in this example, insurance policy limits are like the size of your umbrella. They define the maximum amount that the insurer will pay out for a particular claim or for the policy term. So then, understanding these limits will help you assess if the potential payout will be sufficient to cover your needs in the event of a claim, and hence, whether it’s worth buying a specific policy.

And what about exclusions? Well, exclusions are situations or circumstances under which your policy won’t cover you, much like an umbrella that doesn’t open in certain storms. Common examples can include pre-existing conditions in health insurance, or certain types of natural disasters in property insurance. That’s why being aware of these exclusions helps you understand the boundaries of your coverage and can save you from unpleasant surprises when you need to make a claim.

Evaluating Coverages, Benefits, Limits and Exclusions

So then, as you go about purchasing insurance, what steps can you take to evaluate a policy’s coverage, benefits, limits, and exclusions? Well, what you’ll want to do first is consider your coverage and benefits.

For example, image that you’re standing in front of two fruit stands. Both sell apples, but one stand offers a variety of fruits, while the other sells just apples. So then, if you’re looking for a fruit medley, the choice is clear. In a similar way, when evaluating insurance policies, take a close look at what is covered and what benefits are being offered to you and start your decision making process there.

And how do you go about doing this work? Well, you can start by identifying your needs and risks.

For instance, if you live in a region prone to earthquakes and you’re shopping for property insurance, make sure that the policy you’re exploring covers damage from such natural disasters. And when assessing health insurance, consider your family’s health history and lifestyle and ask whether you need coverage for prescription drugs, mental health services, or maternity care. And once you’ve figured out your unique needs, you can compare how different policies cater to them.

Alright, once you’ve evaluated your coverage and benefits, then it’s time to turn your attention to the less glamorous but equally essential elements of insurance purchasing decisions and that’s policy limits and exclusions. Here again this process is like buying a ticket to a concert. You wouldn’t just check if the band you like is playing. You’d also want to know where your seat is and if there are any restrictions, right?

So then, from this perspective, insurance policy limits specify the maximum amount the insurer will pay out either per claim or over the policy term. For example, if you’re purchasing life insurance, calculate the financial needs of your dependents. If it’s health insurance and you have a pre-existing health condition, consider potential costs for hospitalization or surgery. Then, compare these amounts to the policy limits.

Now, you’ll likely recall that exclusions are circumstances under which your policy won’t provide coverage. Here, if we go back to our concert analogy, we can think of exclusions being akin to restrictions like your ticket not allowing you access to certain sections of the venue.

That’s why, in a similar way, understanding policy exclusions lets you know under what circumstances your insurance won’t protect you. For instance, some health insurance policies exclude coverage for pre-existing conditions. Or, when it comes to property insurance, certain types of natural disasters like floods or earthquakes may not be covered under a standard policy. That’s why comparing these exclusions across policies will give you a clear idea of what scenarios are and aren’t covered.

Back-end and Hidden Costs

Undoubtedly, mastering the basics of coverages, benefits, limits, and exclusions is a cornerstone in evaluating the solidity of an insurance policy. Yet, one final thing to consider beneath these basic aspects lies a hidden layer of potential costs, often less perceptible but capable of significantly influencing your insurance plan’s value and cost-effectiveness.

Co-insurance and Co-Pays

So to start our discussion on costs, let’s begin by first spotlighting co-insurance, which is a term referring to the portion of covered healthcare costs that fall on your shoulders after meeting your deductible.

And how can co-insurance affect your purchasing decision?

Well, picture yourself deciding between two health plans. In one option, you notice a tempting lower co-insurance percentage, hinting at fewer out-of-pocket costs for you. Yet, there’s a twist and that’s that this plan carries higher premiums. In this situation, balancing these elements to match your health needs means paying special attention to factors like your current health situation and how often you plan on using your insurance per year when considering whether a lower co-insurance and higher premium (or vice versa) is worth it to you.

From here, let’s transition to the realm of co-pays. Now, co-pays are not the imposing dragons of the insurance world but rather small, pesky fees you pay for specific services or prescriptions. Now, a single co-pay might seem negligible, but different policies house diverse co-pay structures, and depending on your health situation, like a swarm of bees, these small charges can quickly accumulate, significantly disrupting your financial picnic over time.

Out of Pocket Expenses

Alright, so now that we’ve discussed co-insurance and co-pays, let’s talk about the concept of out-of-pocket maximums. Now, this term denotes the ceiling of what you pay for covered services within a policy period. And once you reach this apex, your insurance takes the baton, covering 100% of the benefits.

Now, imagine two mountains representing two different health plans. One has a higher peak or out-of-pocket maximum, but a more manageable climb or lower premiums, while the other boasts a lower summit (less out-of-pocket maximum) but a steeper ascent (higher premiums). Choosing the right mountain to climb demands careful consideration of your ability to manage high medical costs.

Now, while we’ve used health insurance as an example when it comes to co-insurance, co-pays and out of pocket expenses, it’s essential to note that these concepts apply just as well to property and casualty coverages, like your home or auto policies as well.  So then, as you’re shopping for insurance, you’ll want to evaluate how much you’ll be on the hook for each policy when you do have an insurable event.

Policy Riders: Double-Edged Sword

Alright, now that we’ve talked about out-of-pocket expenses, let’s dive into a less commonly discussed aspect of insurance and that’s policy riders.

And what are riders?

Well, these add-ons to a basic policy can provide valuable extra protection but can also significantly alter the cost. That’s why understanding them is essential in your decision-making process.

How so?

Well, picture yourself setting up an insurance policy like constructing a house. The coverage, benefits, limits, and exclusions form the foundation and walls, while riders are the custom upgrades, like a sunroom or a fancy kitchen. They add value and tailor the policy to your needs, but they come at a cost.

For example, when it comes to your health insurance, you might come across a rider that provides coverage for critical illnesses like cancer or heart disease.  Now, this rider can give you peace of mind, knowing that if you were to be diagnosed with a serious illness, your policy will cover a wider range of costs related to your treatment, but you will pay more for the coverage.

Another area where riders are used is disability insurance. For these types of policies, there might be a rider that guarantees the option to increase coverage in the future with a rise in cost of living without a medical exam.

And in the life insurance space, one common rider is the waiver of premium rider, which would continue your coverage without premiums if you were to become disabled and unable to work. Now, this sort of coverage can provide invaluable financial relief in such circumstances where you’re still looking for life insurance coverage, but for whatever reason, can’t pay the premium.

And finally, when it comes to property and casualty insurance, a replacement cost rider on your homeowner’s insurance policy could ensure that in the event of a loss, you’d be reimbursed the cost to fully replace the items, rather than just their depreciated value.

Now, while these riders sound great at face value it’s essential to note that they come with additional premiums. That’s why, when considering each rider, you should weigh the extra cost against the potential benefits it would provide. At the same time, you should also be aware that some riders may have exclusions or conditions, so it’s crucial to read the fine print before you sign on the dotted line.

Buy Insurance Like a Pro

Now, make no mistake, buying insurance is not just about finding the cheapest option or focusing solely on the premium cost.

It’s about making a comprehensive and informed decision that takes into account the reputation and financial stability of the insurance company that’s offering to protect you financially.

Remember, when it comes to evaluating reputation, you can rely on customer reviews, ratings, and testimonials, as well as checking the company’s ratings on platforms like the Better Business Bureau while financial stability can be assessed by referring to the ratings provided by agencies such as A.M. Best, Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s, and Fitch, as well as reviewing the company’s annual financial reports.

Once you have assessed reputation and financial stability, it’s important to carefully consider the coverage, benefits, limits, and exclusions of different insurance policies. Remember, understanding what the policy covers, under what circumstances are, and any potential limitations or exclusions ensures that you choose a policy that aligns with your specific needs and provides adequate protection.

Finally, be aware of the hidden costs that may impact the value and cost-effectiveness of your insurance plan. Factors such as co-insurance, co-pays, out-of-pocket maximums, depreciation, surrender charges, and potential changes in premiums over time can significantly influence the overall value of the policy. That’s why it’s essential to take the time to understand these costs and weigh them against the benefits they provide.

And by considering all these factors and making a well-informed decision, you can buy insurance like a pro and take one step closer to becoming the master of your financial independence journey.